Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 228, 211–219, (2014) [doi: 10.1016/j.pepi.2013.12.001]
Polycrystalline olivine rheology in dislocation creep: Revisiting experimental data to 8.1 GPa
C. Bollinger, P. Raterron, P. Cordier, S. Merkel
The rheology of polycristalline San Carlos olivine is investigated on synchrotron beamline in the Deformation-DIA (D-DIA) at pressure (P) between 3.8 and 8.1 GPa, temperature (T) within 1373–1673 K, and at steady-state strain rates ranging from 1.1 × 10−5 to 5.8 × 10−5 s−1. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) on run products reveals microstructures characteristic of the so-called “dislocation creep regime”. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) measurements reveal hydroxyl concentrations within 153–1526 ppm H/Si (Paterson’s calibration), indicating ‘wet’ conditions of deformation. Analysis of our data together with previously published ‘wet’ deformation data obtained at room and high P, assuming a stress exponent n = 3.5 in classical power law, results in a linear dependence of the activation enthalpy with P, i.e., in an activation volume of V∗ = 12.8 ± 5 cm3 mol−1. This value of V∗ is also consistent with a global dataset including ‘wet’ data and ‘dry’ published deformation data for olivine aggregates. We thus conclude that, up to 8 GPa, the effect of P on ‘dry’ and ‘wet’ olivine dislocation creep is consistent with V∗ = 12.8 ± 5 cm3 mol−1.
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