List of publications
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 604, 118015, (2023) [doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2023.118015]
Transformation microstructures in pyrolite under stress: Implications for anisotropy in subducting slabs below the 660 km discontinuity
J. P. Gay, E. Ledoux, M. Krug, J. Chantel, A. Pakhomova, H.-P. Liermann, C. Sanchez-Valle, S. Merkel
The ‘660’ discontinuity is often associated with a phase transitions in pyrolite at about 24 GPa. There are ubiquitous reports of seismic anisotropy below the ‘660’ which are difficult to explain from a mineralogical point of view. In this study, we implement multigrain crystallography X-ray diffraction in the laser-heated diamond anvil cell in order to track microstructures induced by phase transitions at the pressure and temperature conditions of the discontinuity. Before the onset of transformation, garnet is isotropic with ringwoodite displaying a weak 001 texture. After the transformation, bridgmanite displays strong 001 transformation textures which we attribute to growth under stress. Davemaoite exhibits weak maxima in 101 and 111 orientations with ferropericlase displaying no texture. The results are used to model anisotropy in a subducting slab, with a prediction of no anisotropy above the ‘660’ and up to 1.28% (0.08 km/s) shear wave splitting below the ‘660’. In addition, we predict for horizontally traveling waves and near-vertical subduction and in the case a slab impinging below the boundary layer.
Full text of this article is available online.